Providing resources and trai­ning in the practices and tools of the digital humanities

Text Editors and Word Processors

There are many different circumstances under which one will have to work with text. As such, it is important to recognize the uses for which different text-based pieces of software are intended. These programs generally fall under two categories: Word processors and text editors. We will explore the differences between, and the uses of these types of software below. When working with text-based data, especially in the digital humanities, text editors are often a much better option. They create nonproprietary files which can be transferred between operating systems without the need for intermediary software. Additionally, both the files created by text editors and text editors themselves take up an extremely amount of memory compared to word processors. Finally, concerning data, many programs will allow text editor files to be used as input, which is certainly not the case with word processor files, with their formatting which generally renders them unreadable to other programs.

 

Text Editors

A text editor is a tool for working with plain text. Technically speaking, the only data that a file produced by a text editor contains are the values representing the individual characters, which are displayed as the characters themselves by the program. The text editor is a standard feature on all operating systems; Windows users will likely be most familiar with Notepad, though alternatives exist, such as the open-source text editor, Notepad++, which allows for features such as programming language syntax highlighting, that is, a visual markup applied to commands of a specific programming language. A text editor may not be ideal if you intend to include any kind of formatting in your text, such as alignment; font face or size; text features such as bolding or italicizing; or the incorporation of any non-text elements, such as images. However, it is possible to format such a document by using various markup languages, such as XML.

 

Word Processors

In contrast to a text editor, a word processor is any program through which text (and, often, other types of media) can be formatted and prepared for printing, whether physical or electronic. These give the user extensive control over the visual qualities of the document. Files of this type, while preferable for human readers, are generally not suitable for files which need to be processed by a computer, such as a piece of code, or a list of values to be read by a program.

 

Demonstrating the Distinction

To illustrate the difference between documents created by text editors and word processors on a very basic level, you can do the following on any file created by either program. Simply open the file in a text editor. A file created by a text editor, regardless of whether it was the same text editor or not, will simply display the text contents of the document. If, however, you try to open a document created by a word processor, you could expect to see something like this:

 

Contents of a Word document opened with a text editor

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2.w="" 4="" cbj="" d="" f="" g="" h="" i="" p="" qu="" qw=";ÇÈ:"3R*ɼg_®>ºhâ"3²¥M\8§ã" ruo="" s="" w="" word="" y="" z="">(a¤=ôêú÷ðãí£¢\çðsi*ú¤aåqñr>â•€žê&aÿõ°z›¹p¯›v‚êu“€âîn¥–ùºiàê­n°ªfsžêšê a2="ÐIp÷ýÂùb`jãR»'o {¨Ü.„íIºqüÌ^Öв³.N–kkÐ" d="" m="" s="" x="">.*d i="">™>³}{&v.*d>+³â•€žê&aÿõ°z›¹p¯›v‚êu“€âîn¥–ùºiàê­n°ªfsžêšê>˜(a¤=ôêú÷ðãí£¢\çðsi*ú¤aåqñr>ü>™>

As you can see, the content above is wholly unusable is a program other than the word processor that created it attempts to open it. Some word processors, such as Open Office, will have their data stored in a less encrypted way, but it is still unfit for use by any other program.


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